A paper by Font et al., (2006) has shown that an extract from the Chilean starfish Stichaster striatus (Asteriidae; Forcipulatida) has been used to significantly decrease the consumption of ethanol in test rats with a "genetically established excessive alcohol appetite".
To directly quote from their study:
...the data generated from this study show that the aqueous extract obtained by boiling Stichaster striatus contains a substance (or substances) with activity as an inhibitor of voluntary ethanol intake.What prompted this study? In their words:
Historical records show that in the "haciendas" assigned by the Spanish crown to the Jesuits, a religious congregation, at the end of the 16th century until the time of their expulsion at the end of the 18th century, there was no excessive alcohol intake among their workers and absolutely no manifestation of alcoholism.The authors of this study make no comment as to how many different starfish taxa this prohibitionary chemical might occur in.
Traditional stories (no written documentary references have been found) told in Chile, between the 16th and 18th centuries relate this behavior to the fact that the laborers in question were forced to ingest, each morning prior to initiating their work and again at the end of the day, a "soup" obtained by boiling a starfish later identified as Stichaster striatus
But consider this package of the goniasterid Anthenoides included in this soup mix recently purchased at an Asian market
Think about it if you're having a beer or wine later this evening. :-)